As time progresses , every industry is finding new innovative ways to cut down on their waste. Businesses have now truly realized that waste is something that cuts into their bottom line. The more the waste , the higher the costs of safe disposal. Also , reducing waste in most cases reduces the inputs , the necessary material required to produce something and thus the eventual costs.
The construction industry in the developed world , especially the UK is now increasingly focusing on construction waste management. By focusing on how to reduce waste , the construction industry is revisiting the drawing board to find how to pump out the waste , and how to abolish it at source.
This will save money on many important and necessary things like bricks , word and even concrete. Studies have shown that waste can be as much as 10 to 15% of the materials that go into a building. And in the U.S construction waste accounts for as much as 25 percent of the solid waste production. Barely 20 percent of construction waste gets recycled.
The question in the Circular Building Project was:
“Can we design a building which at the end of its useful life would not need to be demolished but rather could be taken apart and all of its components reused”
The challenge of making a building which can be re-used , prompts one to re-think everything , and leads to profound changes in design and construction priorities. Not only do changes in construction take place , but one also has to forge strong relationships with suppliers and designers in order to get the best “fit” of materials for new challenges. The construction challenge of the Circular Building led to the following new ideas:
• Using mechanical and push-fit connections instead of adhesives in order to allow de-construction
• Avoiding wet trades
• Installing a low voltage electric system which is off-grid , and ensuring that the system is easy to maintain.
• Ventilation is provided using prototype equipment which is made from recycled plastic , cardboard and re-manufactured soda cans.
• Incorporation of QR codes to identify which material comprise the house’s structure and interior finishes. These codes help when the house is deconstructed.